Overview

Subscriptions: Available now.
Single tickets: Onsale August 20.

New Production! Celebrate the centenary of Leonard Bernstein with this new production featuring the Michigan Opera Theatre Studio Artists! Bernstein’s funny, philosophical, quick paced take on Voltaire’s biting satire on the tragedy of human nature. Its effervescent score includes the classic songs, Make Our Garden Grow and Glitter and be Gay.

Candide
Operetta in two acts, based on the novella by Voltaire
Music by Leonard Bernstein
Book by Hugh Wheeler
Lyrics by Richard Wilbur
Premiere: Brooklyn, 1973

This Production
Newly designed sets and costumes
Directed by Mike Albano
Sung in English with supertitle projections
Running time: About 2 1/2 hours

Artists

Michael Day

Candide

Tenor Michael Day made his Michigan Opera Theatre debut last season as a Michigan Opera Theatre Studio Artist, singing the roles of Don Basilio in The Marriage of Figaro, the dual role of Pablo Picasso/F. Scott Fitzgerald in Gordon’s 27 and Spoletta in Tosca. Past performance credits include singing with Indiana University Opera Theatre, the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, Indianapolis Pro Musica, the Bloomington Chamber Singers and Utah Festival Opera, where he worked as a young artist. He holds a bachelor’s degree in music education and vocal performance from Indiana University and is currently completing a master’s degree from the university. This season, Michael will perform Don Basilio in The Marriage of Figaro, the dual role of Pablo Picasso/F. Scott Fitzgerald in Gordon’s 27 and Spoletta in Tosca at MOT.

Michael Day

Candide

Monica Dewey

Cunegonde

Monica Dewey is Michigan Opera Theatre Studio’s resident soprano. Last season she made her debut with San Francisco Opera singing Poussette in Manon. and performed the role of Alice Toklas in MOT’s 27.She recently performed her second season with the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, where she made her role debut as Servilia in Titus (La Clemenza di Tito). She has been a young artist with Chautauqua Voice Institute, Lyric Opera Studio Weimar and Harrower Opera Workshop. Monica was recently named the first place winner of the Hilde Zadek International Voice Competition in Vienna, Austria. She received her Master of Music degree from Indiana University’s Jacobs School of Music and a dual bachelor’s degree in Music and Arts Administration from the University of Kentucky.

Monica Dewey

Cunegonde

Michael Albano

Director

Michael Patrick Albano’s directorial credits include Il Barbiere di Siviglia for the New York City Opera, La Bohème for the Canadian Opera Company, Le Comte Ory for the Manhattan School of Music, La Belle Hélène for the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, La Fille du Régiment for L’Opéra de Montreal, La Traviata for the Opera Festival of New Jersey, The Gondoliers for the Brevard Festival, Die Fledermaus for the Kentucky Opera and Le Nozze di Figaro for both the Wolftrap Opera Company and the Yale School of Music.

In addition, Mr. Albano is the resident stage director of Opera Studies at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Music where he has staged over 50 operas including the Canadian premieres of Debussy’s L’Enfant Prodigue, Paisiello’s Il Barbiere di Siviglia and Britten’s Paul Bunyan.

An accomplished writer and librettist, Mr. Albano wrote Loss of Eden (based upon the lives of Charles and Anne Lindbergh) which was premiered by the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, subsequently repeated in Minneapolis and broadcast over National Public Radio. In addition, he has written librettos for seven frequently performed children’s operas. His current libretto undertaking is Fall River, The Legend of Lizzie Borden slated for performance in March of 2019.

Following Michigan Opera Theatre’s production of The Marriage of Figaro, Mr. Albano returns to Canada to direct a new production of George Gershwin’s Of Thee I Sing.

Michael Albano

Director

See all artists

Collapse artists

Synopsis

Act 1

The chorus welcomes everyone to Westphalia (“Westphalia Chorale”) and Voltaire begins to narrate his story. Candide, the illegitimate nephew of Baron Thunder-ten-Tronck, lives in the Baron’s castle Schloss Thunder-ten-Tronck. He is snubbed by the Baroness and bullied by her son Maximilian. Paquette, a very accommodating serving girl, also lives in the castle. However, Candide is in love with Cunegonde, the Baroness’s daughter as Maximilian, Candide, Cunegonde and Paquette find their happiness in life (“Life is Happiness Indeed”). The four discover that Dr. Pangloss, a man thought to be the world’s greatest philosopher, has taught them happiness (“The Best of All Possible Worlds”). The philosopher asks his four students to summarize what they have learned (“Universal Good”). When Cunegonde spies Dr. Pangloss being physically intimate with Paquette, he explains it away as being a “physical experiment” and she decides to share the “experiment” with Candide. Professing their love to each other at a park, Candide and Cunegonde dream of what married life would look like (“Oh, Happy We”). The Baron, however, is angered at what Candide has done to Cunegonde, as he is a social inferior. Candide is promptly exiled, wandering alone with his faith and optimism to cling to (“It Must Be So”). He is then shanghaied by and into the Bulgar Army, which plots to “liberate” all of Westphalia. His escape attempt fails, and is recaptured by the Army. The Bulgar Army attacks Schloss Thunder-ten-Tronck and in the castle the Baron’s family prays as the chorus joins in (“Westphalia”). However, the Baron, the Baroness, Maximilian, Paquette, Pangloss and (after being repeatedly ravished by the Bulgar Army) Cunegonde are all killed in the attack (“Battle Music”). Candide returns to the castle’s ruins and searches for Cunegonde (“Candide’s Lament”).

Some time later, Candide becomes a beggar. He gives the last of his coins to Pangloss, who reveals that he was revived by an anatomist’s scalpel. He then tells Candide of his syphilis condition brought on by Paquette (“Dear Boy”). A merchant offers the two employment before sailing off to Lisbon, Portugal. However, as they arrive, a volcano erupts and the ensuing earthquake results in the death of 30,000 people. Pangloss and Candide are blamed for the disaster, arrested as heretics and publicly tortured by order of the Grand Inquisitor. Pangloss is hanged and Candide is flogged (“Auto-da-Fé”). Candide eventually ends up in Paris, France, where Cunegonde shares her favors (on different mutually-agreed-upon days of the week) with wealthy Jew Don Issachar and the city’s Cardinal Archbishop (“The Paris Waltz”). She contemplates what she has done to survive while in Paris (“Glitter and Be Gay”). Candide finds Cunegonde and reunites with her (“You Were Dead, You Know”). However, the Old Lady, Cunegonde’s companion, forewarns Cunegonde and Candide of Issachar and the Archbishop’s arrival. Candide inadvertently kills both of them by stabbing them with a sword.

The three flee to Cadiz, Spain with Cunegonde’s jewels, where the Old Lady tells Candide and Cunegonde about her past. The jewels are stolen and the Old Lady offers to sing for their dinner (“I Am Easily Assimilated”). The French police arrive, intending to arrest Candide for murdering Don Issachar and the Archbishop. Accepting an offer to fight for the Jesuits in South America, Candide decides to take Cunegonde and the Old Lady to the New World, and the three begin their journey on a ship (“Quartet Finale”).

Act 2

In Montevideo, Uruguay, Maximilian and Paquette, now revived and disguised as slave girls, reunite. Soon after, Don Fernando d’Ibaraa y Figueroa y Mascarenes y Lampourdos y Souza, the governor of the city, falls in love with Maximilian, but quickly realizes his mistake and sells him to a priest. Meanwhile, Candide, Cunegonde and the Old Lady also arrive in Montevideo, where the Governor falls in love with Cunegonde (“My Love”). The Old Lady convinces Cunegonde that her marriage to the governor will support her financially (“We Are Women”). Candide soon befriends Cacambo and accepts him as his valet. Convinced by the Old Lady that the police are still after Candide for the Archbishop’s murder, Candide and Cacambo flee Montevideo and eventually stumble upon a Jesuit camp and are joined by the Father and Mother Superiors (“The Pilgrims’ Procession – Alleluia”). Candide soon discovers that the Mother Superior is actually Paquette and the Father Superior is Maximilian. When Candide tells Maximilian that he will marry Cunegonde, however, Maximilian angrily challenges him to a fight. However, Maximilian is once again inadvertently stabbed to death by Candide. Candide is forced to flee into the jungle as a result.

Three years later, Cunegonde and the Old Lady discuss the miseries shared by the upper classes while the Governor doesn’t want to hear their complaints (“Quiet”). Meanwhile, Candide and Cacambo are starving and lost in the jungles. Finding a boat in the ocean, they float downriver into a cavern for 24 hours until they finally reach Eldorado, the city of gold (“Introduction to Eldorado”). The two discover that the locals worship one god as opposed to three, palaces of science, rosewater and stones with cinnamon and clove scents. Dissatisfied without Cunegonde, Candide decides to leave. The locals think him foolish, but offer to help, giving him some of the town’s golden sheep and constructing a lift that will guide him, Cacambo and the sheep over the mountain (“The Ballad of Eldorado”). One by one, the sheep die until only two remain. Unwilling to go back to Montevideo, Candide gives Cacambo one of the golden sheep to ransom Cunegonde, telling them that they will meet again in Venice, Italy.

Arriving at Suriname, Candide meets Martin, a local pessimist. He shows him a slave with one hand and one foot lost while harvesting sugar-cane, which is the result of Europeans eating sugar; Candide is unable to convince Martin otherwise (“Words, Words, Words”). Vanderdendur, a Dutch villain, offers his ship, the Santa Rosalia, in exchange for the golden sheep. Candide is excited when he is told that the Santa Rosalia is to depart for Venice. The locals and Vandendur wish Candide a safe journey to Venice (“Bon Voyage”). However, the ship sinks and Martin drowns as a result. After reuniting with his golden sheep, Candide is picked up by a galley, meeting five deposed kings. The galley is rowed by slaves, including Pangloss, revived once again. The kings say that they will live humbly, serving both god and men, and Pangloss leads their debate (“The Kings’ Barcarolle”).

The ship arrives in Venice, where the Carnival festival is taking place (“Money, Money, Money”). While the kings play roulette and baccarat, Candide searches for Cunegonde. Maximilian, revived once again, is now the corrupt Prefect of Police and the town’s leader. Paquette is now the town’s reigning prostitute. Cunegonde and the Old Lady are employed to encourage the gamblers (“What’s the Use?”). Pangloss celebrates a victory after winning roulette and spends his money on the other ladies (“The Venice Gavotte”). Candide, however, masked for the Carnival, is accosted by Cunegonde and the Old Lady (both of whom are also masked), who try to swindle him out of his money. During the exchange, all the masks come off and they are horrified to recognize each other. Seeing what Cunegonde has become, Candide’s image of and belief in her is shattered (“Nothing More Than This”). Candide does not speak for several days; with what little money they have left, they purchase a small farm outside Venice and the chorus says that life is just life and paradise is nothing (“Universal Good”). Candide finally speaks and resolves to marry Cunegonde (“Make Our Garden Grow”).

Read more 

Read less